Types of Maps – Pictures and Explanations

Types of Maps – The area of location depends on various kinds of maps in order to study the features of the planet. Some maps are so common that a youngster would recognize them, while others are used only by experts in specialized fields.

What Is a Map?

What Is a Map?
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Simply specified, maps are photos of the Planet’s surface area. General recommendation maps file landforms, nationwide borders, bodies of water, the areas of cities and more. Thematic maps, on the various other hand, screen certain information, such as the average rainfall distribution for an area or the circulation of a specific condition throughout an area.

With the boosted use GIS, also referred to as Geographic Details Systems, thematic maps are growing in relevance as well as coming to be more readily available. Also, the electronic change of the 21st century has seen a significant change from paper to digital maps with the development of mobile technology.

The following is a listing of the most common types of maps made use of by geographers, plus a summary of just what they are as well as an example of each kind.

Political Maps

Political Maps
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A political map does not show topographic features like hills. It focuses entirely on the state as well as nationwide limits of a location. They additionally consist of the places of cities large and small, depending on the information of the map.

A common sort of political map would certainly be one showing the 50 U.S. states and also their boundaries in addition to the United States’ worldwide borders.

Physical Maps

Physical Maps
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A physical map is one records landscape features of an area. They typically show points like mountains, rivers, as well as lakes. Bodies of water are always shown with blue. Hills as well as altitude adjustments are usually shown with different colors and shades to reveal alleviation. Generally on physical maps, environment-friendly shows reduced elevations while browns show high altitudes.

This map of Hawaii is a physical map. Reduced elevation seaside regions are shown in dark environment-friendly, while the higher altitudes transition from orange to dark brownish. Rivers are received blue.

Topographic Maps

Topographic Maps
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A topographic map resembles a physical map because it shows various physical landscape attributes. Unlike physical maps, this kind of might makes use of shape lines as opposed to colors to show modifications in the landscape. Shape lines on topographic maps are normally spaced at normal intervals to reveal altitude changes (e.g. each line stands for a 100-foot (30m) elevation modification) when lines are close with each other the terrain is high.

This topographic map of the Big Island of Hawaii has contour lines that are close with each other near the high, high elevation mountains of Mauna Loa and also Kilauea. By contrast, the reduced elevation, level coastal areas reveal contour lines that are spread apart.

Climate Maps

Climate Maps
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An environment map shows information regarding the environment of a location. They can reveal things like the details climatic areas of an area based upon the temperature level, the quantity of snow an area gets or the ordinary variety of cloudy days. These maps normally utilize shades to show various weather locations.

This climate map for Australia utilizes shades to show distinctions between the warm area of Victoria and also desert region in the facility of the continent.

Economic or Source Maps

Economic or Source Maps
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A financial or resource map reveals the particular sorts of financial activity or natural resources present in a location through using various signs or colors depending on exactly what is being shown on the map.

A financial task map for Brazil can make use of shades to show various agricultural products of provided locations, letters for natural resources as well as signs for various markets.

Roadway Maps

Roadway Maps
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A plan is just one of one of the most extensively used map types. These maps reveal significant as well as small highways as well as roadways (relying on information), in addition to points like airports, city places as well as points of interest such as parks, campgrounds, and also monoliths. Significant highways on a road map are typically received red as well as bigger compared to other roadways, while small roads are a lighter shade and a narrower line.

A guidebook of California, as an example, would show Interstate highways with a broad red or yellow line, while state freeways would certainly be received a narrower line in the exact same color. Depending upon the degree of detail, the map may likewise show region roadways, significant city arteries, as well as rural paths. These are usually portrayed in shades of grey or white.

Thematic Maps

Thematic Maps
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A thematic map is a map that focuses on a certain motif or special topic. They are different from the 6 aforementioned basic referral maps since they do not simply reveal natural attributes like rivers, cities, political subdivisions, elevation, and highways. If these products get on a thematic map, they are history information and are utilized as reference indicate improve the map’s motif.

This Canadian map, which reveals changes in population in between 2011 and also 2016, is a good example of a thematic map. The city of Vancouver is damaged down into areas based upon the Canadian Census. Modifications in population are stood for by a variety of shades ranging from eco-friendly (development) to red (loss) and also based upon percentage.

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